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Professor Lucio Levi, in his book, Federalist Thinking, attempts to synthesize many different intellectual contributions in order to reassess the very nature of federalism. Professor Levi takes the work of Alexander Hamilton, Immanuel Kant, Kenneth Wheare, Ronald Watts, and the like and attempts to arrive at a comprehensive definition of federalism that is not just composed of the "reductive" literature already written. This book operates on the assumption that the end goal of federalism is peace, but not eh peace that Kant talks about when he says the absence of war, but more so a peace that is achieved by preventing war through giving the power to settle conflicts among state entities to a federal authority that acts on the basis of laws.

Professor Levi also looks at the historical aspect of federalism and the historical trend of attempting to achieve peace via federal institutions. The prime example of this is European unification "which represents one of the most important political innovations of the 20th century". He argues that the European Union can be a template for the peaceful co-existence of member state independence. This model is also meant to be extended into the world as a whole as well as a base to begin reforming the United Nations. 



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